Chipping vs Pitching – Golfers Medium

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When it comes to perfecting your golf game, the short game holds the key to success. The ability to execute precise shots around the green can significantly impact your overall score. In this article, we will explore the fundamental differences between chipping and pitching techniques, along with essential tips to improve your performance in both areas.

In my personal experience, I have found both the chip shot and the pitch shot to be invaluable tools in my short game arsenal. 

When faced with a tight lie and limited green to work with, I have often relied on the chip shot. Its low trajectory and roll-out characteristics have allowed me to get the ball close to the hole with precision and control. 

On the other hand, when confronted with a longer carry over a bunker or when I need the ball to stop quickly upon landing, the pitch shot has been my go-to technique. Its higher trajectory and ability to generate spin have enabled me to attack pins with confidence, knowing that the ball will check up and hold its position. 

Overall, both the chip shot and the pitch shot have played vital roles in helping me navigate different scenarios around the green, and mastering these techniques has significantly improved my short game performance.

Understanding Chipping

What is Chipping?

Chipping is a short game technique used to make shots that involve minimal airtime and more roll on the ground. It is typically employed when the player is closer to the green but still far enough away to require a controlled shot.

Technique and Mechanics

To execute a successful chip shot, start by setting up with your feet close together, weight favoring the front foot, and the ball positioned slightly back in your stance. Maintain a light grip on the club and employ a pendulum-like motion, using your arms and shoulders to swing the club. 

The key is to make clean contact with the ball and let it roll towards the hole.

Learn more about “How to Chip the Golf Ball“.

Common Chipping Mistakes to Avoid

While chipping seems straightforward, several common mistakes can hinder accuracy. One of the most prevalent errors is chunking the ball, where the club strikes the ground before contacting the ball. 

Another mistake is skulling, where the clubhead makes contact too high on the ball, causing it to shoot over the green. Inconsistent contact is also a challenge, resulting in unpredictable outcomes.

Chipping Practice Drills

To improve your chipping skills, try practicing a variety of drills. Start with basic chip shots from different lies and distances, gradually increasing the difficulty level. Incorporate obstacles and uneven lies to simulate real game scenarios. 

By practicing different shot scenarios and distances, you’ll develop consistency and confidence in your chipping technique.

Mastering Pitching

What is Pitching?

Pitching is a more versatile technique used when you need to carry the ball over obstacles such as bunkers, longer grass, or water hazards. Unlike chipping, pitching shots have a higher trajectory and more airtime, allowing the ball to stop quicker upon landing.

Technique and Mechanics

When setting up for a pitch shot, widen your stance slightly, position the ball slightly forward in your stance, and grip the club firmly. During the swing, use a smooth, controlled motion with your arms and shoulders, allowing the clubhead to strike down on the ball with a descending blow. This will generate the necessary loft and spin for a precise shot.

Common Pitching Mistakes to Avoid

Pitching can be more challenging due to its added complexity. One common mistake is decelerating through impact, which can result in incomplete shots. Poor contact, such as striking the ground before the ball, leads to inconsistent distance control. Inadequate distance control is another issue, often resulting in shots that fall short or overshoot the target.

Pitching Practice Drills

To refine your pitching skills, incorporate drills that focus on distance control and shot-making abilities. Practice various distances, lies, and shot shapes to simulate real-game scenarios. 

Experiment with different wedges to understand their characteristics and how they affect ball flight and spin. The more you practice and experiment, the more confident you’ll become in executing precise pitch shots.

Chipping vs. Pitching – When to Use Each Technique

Evaluating Shot Scenarios

Knowing when to chip or pitch is crucial for maximizing your scoring potential. When deciding which technique to employ, consider the distance to the hole, lie conditions, and green contours.

Chipping is ideal for shorter shots with less carry, while pitching is preferred when you need to carry the ball over hazards or achieve a softer landing.

Shot Selection Strategy

Developing a solid shot selection strategy is essential. Assess the risks and rewards of each technique based on the shot scenario and your skill level. Understand the potential outcomes of each shot and choose the technique that provides the best chance for success while minimizing errors.

Improving Short Game Proficiency

Mental Aspects of the Short Game

The short game requires mental fortitude and focus. Stay committed to each shot, visualize success, and maintain a positive mindset. 

Manage pressure by focusing on your routine and breathing techniques. Confidence is key, so trust your abilities and stay present throughout your short game shots.

Developing Touch and Feel

Touch and feel around the greens are crucial for executing delicate chip and pitch shots. 

Practice distance control by hitting shots of varying lengths and assessing how the ball reacts upon landing. 

Develop a sense of touch through regular practice and experimentation, allowing you to make better decisions and execute more precise shots.

Utilizing Wedges as Scoring Weapons

Wedges play a vital role in your short game arsenal. Experiment with different types of wedges, such as sand wedges, gap wedges, and lob wedges, to understand their unique characteristics and uses. Choose wedges that suit your playing style and course conditions to maximize your scoring potential.

Final Thoughts

Mastering both chipping and pitching techniques is essential for elevating your short game proficiency. 

Understanding the mechanics, avoiding common mistakes, and practicing diligently will help you become more confident and consistent in executing these shots. 

By developing a solid shot selection strategy and refining your mental game, you’ll be well on your way to improving your overall golf performance.


Q1: Can I use a pitching technique for shorter shots near the green?

While pitching is generally used for longer shots that require more carry, it can be utilized for shorter shots as well. However, chipping is often the preferred technique for shots with minimal carry and more roll.

Q2: Should I use different clubs for chipping and pitching?

Yes, using different clubs for chipping and pitching is common. Typically, golfers use wedges for both techniques, but the specific club selection depends on the shot scenario and personal preference.

Q3: How can I improve my distance control on chip and pitch shots?

Improving distance control requires practice and developing a sense of touch. Experiment with different swings and club selections to understand how they affect the distance and roll of the ball. Regularly practice shots from varying distances to refine your feel for different shot lengths.

Q4: Are there any specific practice drills to improve chipping and pitching skills?

Yes, incorporating practice drills is highly beneficial. For chipping, try hitting chips from different lies and distances, gradually increasing the difficulty. For pitching, practice shots with various trajectories and distances, focusing on landing the ball at specific targets. Utilize obstacles and uneven lies to simulate real-game scenarios.

Q5: How important is the mental aspect of the short game?

The mental aspect of the short game is crucial. Staying focused, managing pressure, and maintaining confidence are essential for executing precise chip and pitch shots. Developing a routine, visualizing success, and adopting a positive mindset will contribute to better performance on the course.

Hannah Brotsky

Hi! I am Hannah, a golf enthusiast, have been perfecting my swing for over a decade, making long putts a breeze. Aside from playing, I am a professional golf writer, I try capture the nuances of the game and inspire others to embrace their love for golf. Follow me on Twitter.

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